Python sh库学习 上篇   发布时间:2017-09-08 23:46:29

Python sh库学习 上篇 官方文档有句话"allows you to call any program",并且:

helps you write shell scripts in Python by giving you the good features of Bash

第一句话助你在Python中轻松调用自己的程序,站群系统,第二句则给你机会和Shell这种土豪交朋友

㈠ 调用系统的程序

[python]

>>> import sh

>>> print(sh.ls('/home/mysql'))

cdio_bak.sql mysql-5.5.16.tar.gz

mm percona-xtrabackup-2.1.4-656-Linux-i686.tar.gz

mysql percona-xtrabackup-2.1.4-Linux-i686

mysql-5.5.16 startmysql.sh

㈡ 调用自己的程序

[python]

>>> import sh

>>> r=sh.Command('/root/dd.py')

>>> r()

hello,DBA

㈢ bake命令参数

[python]

>>> import sh

>>> du=sh.du.bake('-shc')

>>> print (du('/home/mysql'))

1.1G /home/mysql

1.1G 总计

㈣ glob列出文件

[python]

>>> import sh

>>> list=sh.glob('/root/mm/*')

>>> print list

['/root/mm/Backup', '/root/mm/Usplash', '/root/mm/AWN', '/root/mm/Wallpapers', '/root/mm/GRUB', '/root/mm/Mozilla']

㈤ 管道

[python]

>>> print(sh.sort(sh.du(sh.glob('*'),'-shc'),'-rn'))

712K distribute-0.6.49.tar.gz

672K setuptools-1.1.5.tar.gz

548K get-pip.py

管道是有序的,默认由内而外,采集软件,但如果需要并行呢?加个_piped=True

[python]

>>> for line in sh.tr(sh.tail("-f", "/home/mysql/mysql/log/alert.log", _piped=True), "[:upper:]", "[:lower:]", _iter=True):

... print line

...

innodb: doublewrite buffer not found: creating new

innodb: doublewrite buffer created

innodb: 127 rollback segment(s) active.

innodb: creating foreign key constraint system tables

innodb: foreign key constraint system tables created

By DBA_WaterBin

2013-09-30

Good Luck

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